Cloud computing architecture for the next ten years – Part 2

Cloud development has become prohibitively complex, and the current generation of solutions have low-level interfaces that require extensive investment from developers and operators to understand how to configure, learn, assemble, and scale them properly. For a new architectural shift to occur, we need approaches that absorbs the cognitive load, not streamline it.

Maintain benefits from existing architectures

There has been a continuous discussion among backend and service developers about whether things should be built using one strategy (monoliths) or the other (microservices). There are no one-size-fits-all solutions, because there’s always a trade-off involved.

Monolithic development offers high productivity, ease of deployment, and a straightforward observability story. Microservices offer flexibility in fault isolation, resource tuning and team autonomy. Unfortunately, microservice-based architectures usually involve piecing things back together – back into the monolith’s basic architecture, but with duct tape. As a result, the benefits of neither solution are fully realized.

When building Klotho, we zoomed out and asked, “What aspects of computer engineering can we apply to bridge that gap?”. We concluded that a key characteristic in the new architecture must be the convenience of monolithic development, coupled with an adaptive system that leveraged the benefits found in microservices architectures. Most importantly, it has to reduce the cognitive load for developers, while maintaining configurability and control for operators.

By focusing on developer and operator intent, we created a solution based on ease of use through separation of concerns. Using three different programming constructs, Capabilities, Requirements, and Directives, developers and operators can specify what parts of the application should be cloud-aware, what additional tradeoffs Klotho should consider for your application, and what specific overrides are required.

Solution: Developers should write code the way they know best. We leverage their intent early on to determine what backend wiring and analysis is done behind the scenes to properly meet their needs. Requirements and Directives allow developers and operators to provide more fine tuning and controls without developers needing to change the code.

Read the rest of the post on the official blog:

Cloud computing architecture for the next ten years

In computing, bigger and more ambitious dreams have always been realized by pushing the limits. Cloud computing is no exception; parallel computing, cluster computing, grid computing, and edge computing are all continuously expanding what we consider to be possible. But they also make development more difficult.

Cloud computing is now in the phase of streamlining complexity. There are several examples of integrated solutions that are optimized for certain workloads or development models: Google’s Anthos, Amazon’s Outposts, Azure’s Stack Hub, and Hashistack.

These solutions bundle together building blocks necessary for larger-scale applications and systems, but they present complicated low-level interfaces that require developers and operators to configure, learn, assemble, and scale appropriately.

It’s similar to the complexity reduction evolution happening in programming languages: Punch cards, assembly, C, C++, Java …

Continuous improvement keeps happening, but at some point, an architecture shift emerges that addresses the accumulation of complexity.

In our first blog post on Klo.Dev, we take a look at a few principles that we view as critical for this architectural shift to emerge, and what we need from products to effectively take us into the new world of cloud computing:

Conferences vs unConferences

Welcome to Vegas

Most people I know have attended or are familiar with entrepreneurship and startup related conferences. Conferences gather people, seat them, and then lecture to them on a certain subject. The quality of the conference predominantly depends on the speakers’ ability to inspire the audience.

However, nowadays you can hear some of the best talks on TED and YouTube, and the value of sitting in a room with tons of people isn’t as high as it used to be.

Conferences aren’t the only model for gatherings. My favorite alternative is the ‘Unconference‘ model. Lucky for you i’ve been to both and i’m here to tell you all about it.